Research in Healthcare is the standard behind practice change and improvements in patient care. As a new researcher, one may feel that their impact on nursing is not felt. With the inclusion of learning and research in nursing, learning environments help develop new practices and enhance engagement (Nasrabadi et al., 2021). There are several levels of strategies that can be used to determine the effectiveness of evidence. The level is based on how it will be impacted by biases and outcomes (Glasofer &Townsend,2029).
The highest level 1 of research technique would use , Systematic Review, and Meta Analysis. These have been noted to provide the best evidence. These types of studies would be good for cause and evaluate the effect.
The next level 2 may involve Quasi-experimental and Systematic Review, but it may be missing a criteria that would be found when doing an experimental research. This type of research does not have the same strength but can be used for comprising research like a pre and post-test effects.
Level 3 is considered Non-experimental with no manipulation of variables. This level can use Systematic Review, and Meta Analysis but it is not required. It can also be called Observation research; the researcher observes but does not have an intervention. This type of research could be used to see the effect something has. I
In level 4 the researcher is using opinions. These could be found in clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements. The guideline is tested and reviewed by experts, position statements are as well reviewed but also go through peer reviews and are limited. These options may not have the same quality as the levels before them.
The last level 5, has the least quality of evidence which is Literature Review and does not have set standards. Literature Review can give a helpful summary of information but should be used with caution (Glasofer & Townsend,2020). This type of research could be used if you just want to know more about a topic, but it is not Peer reviewed and may have high bias.
Levels 1,2 and 3 ate the best for obtaining evidence-based practice research information that may provide outcomes to improve Healthcare and nursing intervations. An article by Gronning (2022) conducted a study to support importance of nursing students learning about evidence-based practice. They learned the importance of research to improve clinical practice as our patients dependent on us having the most accurate and reliable information. Opinions, reviews and literature are good for comparisons and information but not for reliability as opinions can be wrong and misleading.
Glasofer, A., Townsend, A. B ., (2020). Determining the level of evidence, Nursing Critical Care: Volume 15- Issue 2-p 22-26.
Gronning, K., Karlsholm, G., & Andre,B. (2022). Undergraduate Nursing Students Experiences of Conducting Clinical Research Projects in Their Bachelor Theses -a Qualitative Study
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