Candidates will read four current (2012 – present) professional journal articles directly related to
educating or working with students with disabilities. The articles should be useful to the
candidate’s teaching, directly related to a specific topic, as well as related directly to the focus of
Part 1: Introduction. Provide the foundation of your paper by starting with a research question.
The articles you choose should provide information to answer this question. This section should
be between half a page to a full page.
Part 2: Literature Review. Summarize, critique, and connect the articles to the text readings in
4-6 pages of content in APA style. This should not be a sequential summary of the articles, but a
synthesis of the information gained from the readings, using topics/themes as headings to guide
the content. The content should supplement the material in the text, not duplicate it. Use third
person. Do not use direct quotes, unless absolutely necessary, such as when defining a term or
stating specific legal code. The end of this section should include a summary that answers the
research question posed in part 1.
When citing your chosen sources, DO NOT include the first names of the authors or the title of
the article in your narrative.
Part 3: Reflection. The project must include reflection which connects research to practice (ie.
how is this information useful to classroom teachers?).
Candidates must include an abstract – an abstract generally sits on its own page.
Use APA 7th edition format. Use third person. Avoid contractions. Avoid hyperbole (“most”,
“extremely” “every parent”).
In addition to a reference page, candidates must include an annotated bibliography. The
annotated bibliography and PDF copies of each article must be uploaded to the Assignments
folder on ecampus prior to the final paper – see due dates on ecampus. All references should be
cited within the paper numerous times. Avoid citing a secondary source – find the original
article to make sure you are correctly summarizing the information in it.
Two common errors to note:
When you use an abbreviation, the first time it is introduced, use the full term with the
abbreviation in parentheses.
The student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP) contains a statement of accommodations
to be used during instruction.
Only the first word in the title of the article should be capitalized on the reference page.
Vanderbilt, J. H., & Lafayette, V. A. (2009). Making accommodations work for students in the special
education setting. Teaching Exceptional Children, 65(2),28-295.